Access control is the personalized and selective prevention of entry into a specific place, area or resource. It is most commonly seen in the home on doors and entrances to the house, where the property may be protected by either by a tangible device such as a key or keycard, a personnel identifier such as a fingerprint or an optic scan, or even information known only to specific individuals, like a password or a numeric code. If the authorized codes or devices remain in the hands of only those who should have entry, then the security system can serve to protect and maintain the safety of the property without hassle and with almost no surveillance. Access control can also be used to monitor the ins and outs of individuals accessing a place of interest and/or the valuables inside.
Types of Access Control in the Home
Within the context of the household, access control mostly comes in two forms: a mechanical lock that requires a physical key to access entry to the domicile or an electromechanical lock that involves either a magnetic reader or some other form of card reader to operate the lock.
Mechanical locks have the advantage of being cheaper than most electromechanical options, it has fewer maintenance requirements, and is generally more user friendly. Furthermore, the requirement of a key ensures that individuals do not simply need to memorize a password or code to access the property. On the other hand, most mechanical locks, if not all, are incapable of determining who has been admitted to the goods. It is also true that keys can be stolen and duplicated, and locks can be picked by an unsavory individual.
Electromechanical locks have the benefit of preventing key duplication by requiring access based on esoteric knowledge such as a password, or even a part of the body specific to the individuals who are allowed entry, such as a fingerprint scan. They also have the added advantage of being able to record times and dates of entry of a particular individual. On the other hand, electromechanical systems are expensive to install and maintain. There are also people who are capable of breaking into these structures through networking and other means.
When To Use Access Control in the Home
Access control could be considered too expensive, too complex, and even be viewed by some as being over paranoid if used in the wrong places. It should not be used in places that require everyday access by numerous people. In fact, most access control should be used in moderation. Places with restricted access should be limited to areas with hazards such as the chemical storage within the house, like the medicine cabinet, the cleaning closet, or rooms in which contain important valuables. Entrances may be kept under lock and key, but electronic locks should be refrained from within the household unless the valuables inside are akin to an ATM machine.
Access Control in a Nutshell
When it comes to protecting one’s property or monitoring who enters and exits the estate, access control can be one of the most hassle-free ways of ensuring security. Both mechanical and electromechanical locks can be used to prevent unauthorized entry; it is up to the homeowner to use it in the proper way and in the important locations.